Turbinate Hypertrophy

woman blowing nose

Atlanta Turbinate Hypertrophy Surgery

Like nasal polyps, nasal turbinates are a common source of nasal obstruction that can block proper airflow. At Atlanta Sinus Center, we pride ourselves on patient happiness and dedicate ourselves to the treatment and relief of sinus and nasal conditions. If you suffer from turbinate hypertrophy, schedule an appointment today using the form on this page. Or, learn more about nasal turbinates and how our Atlanta sinus doctors treat them below.

 

What are nasal turbinates?

Nasal turbinates, also known as nasal concha, are important structures inside the nose that trap dirt, dust, and other particles so they cannot enter your lungs. There are three turbinates – the inferior, middle and superior – in each nostril. These spongy and bony curled structures add moisture and heat the air you breathe in, helping your lungs to operate more effectively. When these structures are irritated by allergies or other conditions, they can become inflamed and enlarged, resulting in a blocked nasal airway.

 

What is turbinate hypertrophy?

diagram showing enlarged turbinatesTurbinate hypertrophy is a condition characterized by chronic swelling of the nasal turbinates. Because the turbinates are covered in mucosal membranes containing a large supply of blood vessels, they are very sensitive. Though it is normal for turbinates to swell and shrink, if they are chronically swollen, they can produce prolonged nasal congestion.

 

What causes it?

Turbinate hypertrophy can be caused by several factors, including:

  • Allergies
  • Chemical or physical irritants
  • Temperature changes
  • Other environmental irritants
  • Hormonal changes

Patients who have a deviated septum often develop turbinate hypertrophy.

 

What are the symptoms?

Turbinate hypertrophy can cause:

  • Persistent nasal congestion
  • Recurring sinus infections (sinusitis)
  • Difficulty breathing through the nose
  • Snoring
  • Nosebleeds

 

How is it treated?

Turbinate hypertrophy treatments such as corticosteroid nasal sprays, allergy medications and avoidance of environmental irritants often reduce the swelling of turbinates and improve nasal breathing. When these methods aren’t effective at treating your symptoms, other options may be recommended to remedy the condition and its underlying causes. The Sinus Center of Atlanta offers a minimally invasive treatment called radiofrequency turbinate reduction that shrinks the size of turbinates. If a deviated septum is the cause of turbinate hypertrophy, a septoplasty may be recommended.

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